A mole is the extra growth of the skin and not all the moles get converted to cancer causing cells. Many people have about 10-40 moles in their body and they may be in the form of round shape or oval shape. The surface of the mold is normally smooth and some moles may be in raised form protruding from the surface of the skin. Moles are pink or brownish in color and in some cases they will take the color of the skin. All the moles in the body will look totally same, but there are some moles which may appear different. Those moles have the chance for developing as cancerous moles.
Canker sore is a type of painful sore which causes ulcers in the mouth due to the formation of lesions. They are also called aphthous ulcers. About 20-40% of the population has suffered from canker sore at some stages of their life. Generally this illness does not require any treatment and they disappear on its own. The disease is more prevalent in younger adults and adolescent due to their health habits. Canker sores are different from common cold sores which develop on the outer lip in the form of blisters.
Cellulitis is a skin infection which is caused by bacteria. It starts as a small infection causing itching sensation and swelling on the layer of the skin. When the bacteria grows and multiply the affected person may get fever with occasional chills. The glands in the area of the affected part become swollen. The infection you get on developing Impetigo is only superficial but in cellulitis it spreads to the internal parts of the skin like dermis and subcutaneous tissues. The bacteria causing this infection are Streptococcus and methicillin. Though bacteria may attack and infect any part of your body most commonly cellulitis occurs in the lower leg portion and on hands. Sometimes it may infect neck and head areas also. In rare cases bacteria may infect the skin layer on the stomach after a surgical procedure. People who are middle aged are more prone to this infection than children and elderly people.
Cerebral palsy is a disorder affecting the nervous system and the functions of brain seriously. The person affected with this disorder may have impairment in hearing, seeing, moving and thinking. It is known by several other names such as spastic paralysis and spastic diplegia. The term “cerebral” refers to cerebrum which is affected by this disorder and the term “palsy” refers to movement disorder. The patients who have cerebral palsy will have secondary symptoms like epilepsy, apraxia and eating disorder. In some persons any particular or several sensory organs are impaired and hence they cannot even carry out the routine functions of the day. Communication is also affected due to this disorder and so you cannot expect the patients to speak fluently.
When the lower part of the uterus gets infected and develops tumors affecting the cervix region this condition is called as cervical cancer. Among the type of cancer which affects the women population, cervical cancer is ranked third in the world, next to breast cancer and blood cancer. It begins as infection in the cells of the cervix region. Squamous cells are more affected in the cervix than the columnar cells. Initially the cells are affected and the cancer proceeds very slowly. At this stage if Pap smear is done it could be detected and treated completely. Regular Pap smear tests can prevent the growth of cervical cancer in women.
There are some precancerous changes observed in the cervix which are called as cervical dysplasia. When observed under a microscope, the cervix will show abnormal changes on the surface suggesting the presence of cancer. Though the changes will not lead to cancer in all the patients, still it can cause cancer in the cervix if left untreated. Cervical dysplasia is commonly seen among the women who are under the age group 25-35.
Charcot foot is the condition of weakened bones in the foot due to the damaged nerves. The bones become weak due to fracture or any other serious injury and gradually it changes its shape owing to repeated usage. When left untreated it may cause severe damage to the individual thereby producing disability to walk or in some cases it results in amputation of the foot. It is necessary for the patients to look out for the signs and symptoms and take regular treatment for controlling the formation of Charcot foot. Individuals who have previous history of diabetes should take more precautions for preventing this disorder.
Cherry Angiomas is a common type of skin disorder which is not harmful. The surface layer of the skin will develop small red colored bumps or lesions like growth. This lesion will occur in any part of the body but it is observed more commonly in the stomach area. This disorder does not pose any pain or danger to the affected person. Since it looks like a cherry in color and shape, the name Cherry Angiomas is given to this disorder.
The chickenpox is characterized by fluid like blisters which erupt from the lesions. It is one of the contagious diseases which infect you during childhood. Many children and sometimes even adults are getting infected with chickenpox. The individual who is affected with chickenpox will develop several hundreds of small blisters or lesions on the skin and it often spreads throughout the body.
In short, Chilblains can be defined as “cold injury”. Though it causes pain it does not create any impairment or malfunctioning to the skin. They are also called as acral ulcers which would infect the extremities of an individual. The infected part of the skin becomes red, swollen and may cause itch. Chilblains affect the individuals who are exposed to extreme cold climate and humidity. Because of the cold weather the capillary beds of the skin get damaged causing blisters and itching sensation. Predominantly the illness is observed only in winter season and by keeping the toes and hands warm you can very well avoid chilblains.