The characteristics of cholera infection are diarrhea and reduced blood pressure. The disease of cholera is widespread and contagious in the environment of poor sanitary condition. Frequent watery discharge of stool and vomiting can cause the person to get dehydrated fast. If not treated with fluids the person is likely to collapse and die. It spreads through food and water through the carriers like bacteria. Cholera is commonly seen in Asia, India, Africa and part of Mexico. In extreme cases the patient should be given lot of fluids to prevent dehydration and death.
Club foot is the condition of the foot which turns inward and is acquired through birth. It is also called Congenital Talipes Equinovarus CTEV since the disease is passed on to the next generation through chromosomes or genes. The foot will appear either partially rotated or turned inward making the person difficult to walk. There are 2 types of club foot namely postural TEV and structural TEV. The child if born with club foot will start walking from the sides of his feet rather than normal walking. The rate of club foot is 1 in every 1,000 person. It is seen that club foot is more commonly observed in males than female population.
Cold sores are common blisters that appear on the mouth and lips. Sometimes the sores can inflict pain on the individual and it will last only for few days. You can see small fluid like blisters developing on the surface of lips and even inside mouth.
Large intestine of the body is called ‘colon’ and colon cancer is the presence of cancerous cells or tumors in intestine. It may affect the rectum portion (end of colon) or spreading widely on the intestine itself. There are several types of cancer which attacks colon. Lymphoma, melanoma and sarcoma are some of the carcinoma affecting the intestine.
Conjunctivitis is a condition of inflammation of mucous membrane of the eyes and eyelids. It is the most common disease which may affect any one who is healthy otherwise. Since it is highly contagious the affected person should not mingle with others and should keep himself isolated till the inflammation gets cured up fully.
In some infants there may be patchy or scaly cells which develop on their head, which is known as cradle cap. It is called by several names like honeycomb disease, milk crust and crusta lactea etc. You can observe small yellow colored patches like rashes on the scalp of the new born baby. Though it does not cause irritation to the baby still it looks ugly on the head of the infant. The onset of cradle cap is during the first 3 months of infancy. The rashes are more in number near the ear, and eyelids. In adults if you have similar symptoms it may be due to dandruff. Cradle cap is quite common in infants and statistics suggests that about almost one-half of the new born babies will have this symptom.
Creeping eruption is one form of hookworm which is transmitted from your dot of other pets at home. It is called as cutaneous larva migrans and the hookworm usually lives on dogs and cats. When you walk barefoot and touch the saliva of the pets which contain the eggs of the parasite then it gets into your skin. The possible sites of getting infection are legs, buttocks, and feet. The hookworm causes reddish rash on the skin on the affected area causing severe irritation.
The other name for Crouzon syndrome is bronchial arch syndrome. As the name signifies the disease affects the bronchial or pharyngeal arch of the body. This is certainly genetic disorder which begins during the developmental stages of the embryo. Any disturbance to the bronchial arch will cause serious consequences in the physical features of the child.
Cystic acne is commonly called as acne and is a common skin problem affecting all human beings. Acne affects people with high secretion of sebaceous gland. Most forms of acne are non-inflammatory and only severe cases cause inflammation. The onset of acne normally begins during puberty stage and it progresses towards adulthood. During adolescent stage there will be increase in production of sexual hormones on account of which it increases the sebum liquid causing acne. In many cases acne will disappear after the individual passes into adulthood but in some cases it may leave a scar on the face.
Medically called as seborrhea, dandruff is one of the most common problems faced by many people. It is a form of eczema which develops due to the result of high sebum production. Scalp, face, chest and the folded areas of skin are affected by seborrhea. Among other parts of the body, the scalp gets most affected by dandruff which is exhibited as thick patches of scale.