There are some precancerous changes observed in the cervix which are called as cervical dysplasia. When observed under a microscope, the cervix will show abnormal changes on the surface suggesting the presence of cancer. Though the changes will not lead to cancer in all the patients, still it can cause cancer in the cervix if left untreated. Cervical dysplasia is commonly seen among the women who are under the age group 25-35.
All types of cervical dysplasia are caused by Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). This virus gets entry into the vagina through sexual intercourse and is usually transmitted from partner. Women who get involved in sex during their early ages are prone to get cervical dysplasia. Many children are compelled to do prostitution at the tender age of 16 or 18. In some countries women get married at 16 and deliver the child at 17. Early age of pregnancy may be the cause of cervical dysplasia. Like other types of sexually transmitted diseases, women get cervical dysplasia by having sex with several men. Smoking may slightly increase the risk of cancer formation in women. In some cases having chronic disease or prolonged usage of antibiotics may suppress the immunity and those women can get cancer in cervix.
In almost many developed countries, routine pelvic examination and Pap smear test is done on women to eliminate the risk of cancer. Cervical dysplasia can be observed during Pap smear test in many forms such as low grade and high grade intra epithelial lesions. In case the test shows the presence of cervical dysplasia, the doctor will ask you to undergo several other supporting tests like cone biopsy and colposcopy biopsy for confirming the presence of cancerous cells.
Treatment for cervical dysplasia depends squarely on the degree of illness. For mild to moderate forms of low grade dysplasia usually no treatment is required. Perhaps you have to repeat the Pap smear tests for every 3 months for eliminating the risk. For treating severe cases of cervical dysplasia cryosurgery or laser therapy is done on the individuals. Cryosurgery is a process for freezing the abnormal cells present in the cervix. In laser therapy light in the form of laser is administered on the affected part to burn and destroy the cancerous cells. Cone biopsy is the method of removing the abnormal tissue from the cervix surgically.