Club foot is the condition of the foot which turns inward and is acquired through birth. It is also called Congenital Talipes Equinovarus CTEV since the disease is passed on to the next generation through chromosomes or genes. The foot will appear either partially rotated or turned inward making the person difficult to walk. There are 2 types of club foot namely postural TEV and structural TEV. The child if born with club foot will start walking from the sides of his feet rather than normal walking. The rate of club foot is 1 in every 1,000 person. It is seen that club foot is more commonly observed in males than female population.
Club foot is typically a genetic defect causing deformity by birth. The abnormal chromosomes are inherited by the child from his parents. Edwards syndrome is said to cause club foot in which there will be abnormality in chromosome 18. The genetic defect of club foot will be increasing and passed on to the successive generation. Earlier it was thought that postural TEV was caused by intrauterine compression but later it was proved wrong. In some cases a child who has other birth defects like spina bifida cystic can develop club foot during his developmental stage.
The symptoms are very clear in club foot. The feet of the affected person will be turned inward or rotated. In each individual the signs and symptoms and the intensity of club foot vary. As the child grows the calf muscle and the foot will become smaller in size when compared with normal size.
In case of this disease, the sooner the diagnoses and earlier the treatment the better will be the child. Treatment given during the developmental stages of the child is easy. The orthopedic doctor will place a cast in the affected foot for correcting the position. Gentle stretching movements and placing the casts will improve correction at a fast rate. Normally a baby with club foot will require roughly up to 10 casts for getting back the original shape of the foot. Once the cast is removed from the child, a special brace is to be worn by him for at least 3 months. In rare cases, the club foot can be corrected by surgery if it is diagnosed in late stages and if no other treatment is effective.