Cystic acne is commonly called as acne and is a common skin problem affecting all human beings. Acne affects people with high secretion of sebaceous gland. Most forms of acne are non-inflammatory and only severe cases cause inflammation. The onset of acne normally begins during puberty stage and it progresses towards adulthood. During adolescent stage there will be increase in production of sexual hormones on account of which it increases the sebum liquid causing acne. In many cases acne will disappear after the individual passes into adulthood but in some cases it may leave a scar on the face.
The affected area of the skin develops scales, blackheads, and whiteheads very often. Many individuals are seen with pimples and pinheads along with large papules with scars on their faces. Acne is caused predominantly in face and sometimes in chest and back portion. Treating acne is easy when compared with treating its scars. The scar is formed due to inflammation in the dermis layer of the skin. There are different types of scars such as ice pick cars, rolling scars and hypertrophic scars and is quite prominent in dark complexioned people. In some cases, the color of the skin changes and forms a pigment scars.
If the follicles in the layer of the skin get disturbed or blocked, acne develops. In many cases increased production of sebum causes acne. Sebum and keratin together join to form a microcomedo which then becomes big causing blackheads. Sebum is the natural oil of the skin to keep the skin moist and glowing. But when it secrets in excess quantity it gives room to the formation of bacteria causing acne formation.
Hormones produced in excess during the puberty stages can cause acne. In males androgens are discharged which may influence the production of sebum. Some women develop cystic acne during pregnancy and menopause stage because of imbalance in hormones. Acne is believed to be heredity since you can find it runs for families from mother to daughter. Sometimes heightened stress and emotional trauma can produce acne. Taking diet which is rich in glycemic can result in the formation of acne.
Application of topical ointments such as benzoyl peroxide can control and reduce acne formation. However treatment depends on the individual condition and intensity of problem. Salicylic acid, keratolytic soaps, and nicotinamide are effective in removing cystic acne. Doing aerobic exercise to some extent can control acne formation.