Medically called as seborrhea, dandruff is one of the most common problems faced by many people. It is a form of eczema which develops due to the result of high sebum production. Scalp, face, chest and the folded areas of skin are affected by seborrhea. Among other parts of the body, the scalp gets most affected by dandruff which is exhibited as thick patches of scale.
The exact cause of formation of dandruff I unknown. However people who have dry skin are more prone to this problem than other individuals. Keeping the hair dirty can cause dandruff formation. Yeast by name Malassezia furfur is likely to cause dandruff on the head and other areas. Improper maintenance of hair and skin is also a cause for the development of seborrhea.
Dandruff is seen in the scalp region as thick flaky patches. It is grayish white in color and it spreads to others who have less immunity. You can observe red brown color patches on the face which is due to formation of dandruff. Sometimes nose, ears and skin folds are also affected causing irritation. However dandruff will not affect the hair or damage its growth.
Infants may develop dandruff which is called ‘cradle cap’ and mostly no treatment is required for its removal. Dandruff is quite common in adults of all ages and is more prevalent in adolescents.
Maintaining proper hygiene is the best treatment available for removing dandruff. However in severe cases the skin may develop inflammation and in such cases cortisone based lotions are prescribed by the doctor. Some people will keep on changing their shampoo and soaps for getting rid of dandruff. It will not help in any way to cure dandruff. Most of the medicines available over the counter are not useful in curing dandruff.
The best way to control dandruff is to stick on to one shampoo and keeping your hair oily. Never let your hair dry since it will increase acne formation. Dandruff formed in eyelashes can be treated using cortisone lotions under close medical supervision. Often it is difficult to remove dandruff if it develops on eyelashes.