Dental abscess is common infection of mouth which is due to the improper dental habits. The food particles which are not brushed properly get accumulated in the cavities giving room for bacterial growth which causes infection in the teeth. Sometimes pus is formed on the infected area. It may cause severe pain in case the abscess ruptures on its own.
Tooth decay causes the condition of dental abscess. Usually it begins as a infection in the teeth and spreads to the entire mouth. The main cause for dental abscess is improper maintenance of teeth and mouth cavity. Diabetes or weakened immune system can also cause an infection. When there is any injury to the tooth it may develop into dental abscess. The main reason for infection is the formation of pus and swelling of tissues. If the infection is kept untreated it may spread to the supporting bones causing severe pain in the mouth.
There will be pain in the tooth ranging from mild to moderate depending on the intensity of infection. Swelling of gums, bad odor and redness of mouth is also observed due to infection. In some cases, the person may develop fever and nausea. The inflammation of gums, oral swelling and formation of pus are some of the other symptoms. The infected area becomes tender when touched. Sometimes it becomes difficult to open the mouth and the individual may experience problem with drinking and swallowing food.
The doctor will investigate the condition of abscess and devise suitable plan for treating it. Most of the times, the dentist will cup open the dental abscess for the pus to get drained. In some cases, the abscess ruptures by itself and the patient will be given antibiotics for preventing spread of infection. In rare cases the infection may spread to the entire region of mouth, tongue and throat area causing swelling of glands. On such cases the treatment will be very painful and the dentist will have to remove the abscess surgically. In rare cases the root canal treatment will have to be administered for protecting the tooth from infection.
For mild infection, you can rinse the mouth by gargling lukewarm salt water for killing the bacteria inside. It is necessary to maintain proper brushing method for preventing the formation of dental abscess.